The US dollar was created 228 years ago, and since then, the national currency has been powerful and controversial at the same time. In addition, since 1971, after being backed by precious metals for decades, US dollars have lost their base and estimates say that a quarter of the US money supply was created only in 2020. The conflict of the US dollar took several analysts and economists to believe that US monetary hegemony is in its last stage.
The history of the loss of value of the dollar
While some people may say that bitcoin is too complicated, it is common for them not to also know how the state currency itself works. It is probably the reason why the very structure of how fiat money operates continues today, without question from citizens.
First, it is necessary to understand that the Federal Reserve is not a federal entity and also has no reserves. The Federal Reserve, also known as the Fed, is a private organization independent of the US government.
The American dollar was officially conceived in 1792 and was created similarly to the Spanish dollar. In fact, the Mexican peso and the Spanish dollar were legal tender in the USA until 1857. Years before the beginning of the dollar, the country's Continental Congress decided in 1785 that the dollars and coins would be backed by precious metals.
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At that time, the measurement of 375.64 grains of fine silver (approximately 24 grams) was a standard example until the United States decided to further decrease its guarantees on precious metals. American dollars, particularly the paper form that followed the coins, were later called “Federal Reserve Notes”, after the infamous Federal Reserve Act of 1913. On Christmas Eve that year, President Woodrow Wilson helped create the Fed.
From 1800 to 1900, the US economy and its currency backed by precious metals grew. At the same time, other types of markets have also started to grow, such as stock exchanges and the creation of central banks. The paper money was issued in 1862 without support and was used to pay the expenses of the Civil War. Also in 1812, the USA created unsecured paper notes to finance the War of 1812. Before the creation of the Federal Reserve, in 1878 the USA temporarily reinstated the silver and gold coin.
Before the introduction of the Fed, the Bank of England, the Swedish Riksbank and the Banque de France were the first to initiate the modern central bank model. In the late 1800s, stock market participants during the turn of the century were accused of running bucket shops. The bankers of the day bet against their clients' funds and were caught on some occasions. In 1906, a US Supreme Court decision created a standard definition of bucket shop.
“An establishment, nominally for the transaction of a stock exchange business, or business of a similar character, but in fact for the registration of bets, usually of small amounts, on the rise or fall of the prices of shares, grains, (and ) oil, ”notes the 1906 Supreme Court decision.
Financial panic and a conspiracy of bankers supported the creation of the Federal Reserve
After that period, the US economy was very fragile and, in 1907, there was a banking panic called the “Knickerbocker Crisis”. It spawned a national race for banks and trusts in the United States. Due to the "bankers panic of 1907", Americans no longer trusted the US banking system.
The financial panic after the scare in 1907, in addition to the Wall Street bankers who were members of the Money Trust or the House of Morgan, pressured President Woodrow Wilson to enact the Federal Reserve Act. On December 23, 1913, Wilson , with the help of the US Congress at the time, and the Money Trust bankers created the central bank to stabilize long-term interest rates, the country's money supply and employment.
From that point on, US dollars became Federal Reserve Notes (FRNs), but were still redeemable for precious metals (silver and gold) until 1933. Money Trust bankers, which consisted of Morgan members, Rothschild, Heinze , Rockefeller, and the Warburg families, not only influenced the markets, but also politicians like the 32nd President of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. A quick look at the St. Louis Fed documents and Pujo's hearings shows how Roosevelt was something of a Morgan House puppet.
The financial panic in America again created an excuse for FDR to work with bankers behind the curtains. As mentioned above, US dollars have already been redeemed for gold, but the FDR bank holiday and the ban on gold ownership changed all of that in 1933. Roosevelt Executive Order 6102 signed on April 5, 1933 “prohibits the hoarding of coins and gold bars. ”
It appears that after removing the ability to redeem gold, the Federal Reserve, the US government and other members of the central bank around the world realized that the fiat game without bailout might not last long. Then, 11 years later, in 1944, the Bretton Woods pact was signed, which was the first step towards the establishment of the petrodollar.
At that time, all nations allied to World War II participated and agreed that the association of central banks would maintain exchange rates based on the US dollar. Instead of using the gold standard directly, a country would redeem its currency in US dollars.
Vietnam War spending reveals US dollar problems
As usual, war spending has caused the Federal Reserve, the US currency managers, to continue to create many more dollars. Part of the Bretton Woods deal was the US dollar used because, at the time, the US held three quarters of the world's gold. That is, the US government and the Federal Reserve were reliable, as the alleged gold could support the money supply.
During the Vietnam War, war expenditures were so great that other countries began to notice the United States printing copious amounts of dollars. President Richard Nixon was then forced to act and in 1971, Nixon announced that the gold standard was completely abandoned to support US dollars, breaking the Bretton Woods agreement unilaterally.
But Nixon knew that the dollar had to have something more to keep the country's monetary hegemony alive. By withdrawing the American currency from the gold standard in 1971, at the same time Nixon also made a deal with Saudi Arabia. The two countries decided that oil prices would be set and sold in USD.
Essentially, this meant and still means for many countries today, that anyone who wants to buy oil must exchange their currency for US dollars. After the agreement with Saudi Arabia, the other OPEC countries followed suit and priced their oil in the currency of the United States.
From this point on, the unaudited Federal Reserve and the US military-industrial complex have grown massively. Under President Reagan, Bush, Clinton, GW Bush, Obama, Trump and even current President Joe Biden, battles in the Middle East have continued unrelenting to keep the petrodollar strong. For example, this week the Biden government authorized air strikes unconstitutional on Syria without approval Congress.
American generations have been at war every year for decades, ever since. Just before 2008, the descendants and friends of the same families of bankers at Casa Morgan destroyed the American economy by betting on the country's mortgage industry. The Fed created large amounts of dollars at this time also to save the economy and further devalued unsupported notes.
About a fifth of the US money supply was created in 2020
After covid-19, it was much worse, as the coronavirus was used as an excuse to create absurd amounts of paper money. In 2020 alone, estimates show that about 23.6% of all U.S. dollars ever created were issued in less than 12 months.
For decades on end, the US government has been experimenting with creating large amounts of unsecured money and this is usually done to finance conflicts such as the War of 1812, the Civil War, the Vietnam War, and literally all country wars. Covid-19 allowed the Federal Reserve to create much more than all war spending in the United States combined.
For all these reasons, defenders of solid money, defenders of precious metals and a large part of cryptocurrency defenders want alternatives to modern central and fiduciary banks. Bitcoin's mathematical, calculated and scarce supply is invigorating for people in a world full of fiduciary manipulation. Bitcoin looks nothing like the US dollar, and it's probably the reason why wealth managers in 2021 are selling USD and buying BTC.
Anyone can easily see that the value of the US dollar has deteriorated a lot over its history. It is widely understood among economists that the US currency is not sustainable in this way for much longer, and many other state currencies are in the same boat.
Bitcoin is the lifesaver of many individuals and organizations to escape devastation or get caught in the wake of the collapse of the U.S. currency.
What do you think about the history of the US dollar? Let us know what you think about this in the comments section below.
Read more: Is the dollar a fraud?
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